I’ve been pondering the absence of Black-shouldered Kites from the Moolort Plains.
While Brown Falcons and Nankeen Kestrels have been about in good numbers over the past year, I can only recall a handful of observations of these small kites. They have been totally absent from some spots where in past years you might see a dozen or so on any one trip.
Many readers will appreciate that mice, a favourite prey of the Black-shouldered Kite, are abundant at present. Let’s hope for an influx of kites in coming weeks to help solve this problem.
Brown Falcon, Moolort Plains, 14th April 2021
Moolort Plains mullock heap (Keystone Mine)
Yesterday’s bitter southerly was a taste of winter. I’m not quite ready for it just yet!
It’s not all bad however, as we can look forward to the arrival of a suite of birds from other locales, that choose to spend the cooler seasons in the box-ironbark country.
One of these species is the Flame Robin which typically arrives locally in late April. Yesterday afternoon I spotted a handful of ‘brown birds’ along Mia Mia track and then glimpsed a couple of lovely male birds in their company. I’ve been expecting them, but suspect these individuals are heading further north to the riverine plains.
Watch out in coming weeks for Eastern Spinebill, Swift Parrot and Rose Robin.
Flame Robin (adult male), Mia Mia Track, 11th April 2021
I came across this splendid male Hooded Robin in the Rise and Shine on Friday evening. I was alerted to its presence by its calls, both its whee-whew-whew-whew song as well as a harsh scolding call that is uttered when agitated.
Normally this species is silent, or nearly so, outside the breeding season, which in most years extends from August to November. I wouldn’t be surprised though if the mild and wet conditions have triggered further nesting.
While I didn’t spot a female or any youngsters, my guess is that they may well have been lurking out of sight nearby.
Male Hooded Robin, Rise and Shine Bushland Reserve, 9th April 2021
While it’s always a sad farewell to daylight saving, an advantage of this time of year is that my rambles tend to coincide better with the ‘golden hour’ before dusk.
Last evening at the Rise and Shine a cavalcade of honeyeaters thoughtfully shared this time with me as they visited a bushland pool. I’ve been making repeat visits to this site in search of Yellow-plumed Honeyeaters, occasional visitors from the mallee country to our north, but no luck so far this autumn.
Brown-headed Honeyeater, Rise and Shine Bushland Reserve, 7th April 2021
Brown-headed Honeyeater flock drinking
Fuscous Honeyeaters drinking
After nary a Scarlet Robin all through summer the species has been following me around on the past few visits to the Mia Mia.
This lovely pair were sharing a new territory with a pair of Red-capped Robins … a nice combination.
The Collared Sparrowhawk arrived on the scene, pursuing a honeyeater before perching for a few minutes in a nearby Grey Box. The square-tailed silhouette of the raptor in flight confirmed the identity.
Scarlet Robins, Mia Mia Track area, 5th April 2021
Male Scarlet Robin
Female Scarlet Robin
Collared Sparrowhawk, Mia Mia Track, 5th April 2021
April is the time when Golden Whistlers arrive in numbers to the box-ironbark country, as they disperse from their breeding grounds at higher altitudes to the south. Immature birds dominate the early influx, with the spectacular males lagging by a few weeks. Colloquially known as thickheads (the first image below explains why), the female is rather nondescript, lacking the fine streaks of its woodland counterpart, the Rufous Whistler. Close inspection reveals the lemon vent, a diagnostic feature. Also returning are small numbers of Scarlet Robins, largely absent during the heat of summer, after breeding locally during spring. Their movements are something of a mystery to me as they are found year round further north, although reporting rates are higher during the cooler months.
Female Golden Whistler, Mia Mia Track area, 3rd April 2021
Female Golden Whistler in full voice
The yellow vent is diagnostic
Male Scarlet Robin
Female Scarlet Robin
Female Red-capped Robin
The White-naped Honeyeater is a distinctive local species – adults have a striking orange-red ‘eye-lid’, which is actually bare skin above the eye. This feature is characteristic of Melithreptus honeyeaters – local species of the genus include the Black-chinned Honeyeater (adult has blue eye skin) and Brown-headed Honeyeater (adult has cream eye skin).
White-naped Honeyeaters can be encountered year-round locally, but they are something of a blossom nomad and, at least in my experience, are more abundant when Grey Box and Yellow Gum are flowering, which is typically from March until the end of winter.
At the Rise and Shine earlier in the week they were the most common visitors to this small bushland pool, outnumbering the Fuscous and Yellow-tufted Honeyeaters.
White-naped Honeyeater, Rise and Shine, 31st March 2021
Female Spotted Pardalote
Immature Crimson Rosella
The Restless Flycatcher is said to use its distinctive grinding call to attract prey.
While I’ve watched this species and heard it calling many times, until yesterday I’d never really appreciated how it uses this tactic.
As I watched this lone Restless Flycatcher in the Rise and Shine it moved between a series of low perches, each time uttering a burst of calls directed at the ground and surrounding vegetation. Numerous times it pounced to catch a small insect. It was pretty clear that the call was being used deliberately to disturb potential prey.
The bird also took a small excursion to drink in the pool that was also attracting good numbers of Yellow-tufted, White-naped and Fuscous Honeyeaters. Again, this is not a behaviour that I’ve witnessed previously from Myiagra inquieta, although I’m sure its a regular thing.
Restless Flycatcher, Rise and Shine Bushland Reserve, 31st March 2021
In days long past this observation would have been commonplace, a Wedge-tailed Eagle perched atop a Buloke.
Both are iconic species, but sadly, such a sight is a rarity in these present times.
The Buloke is emblematic of the plains country, easily taken, slow to return.
Bunjil, the Wedge-tailed Eagle, is of special significance to Indigenous Australians, especially the Dja Dja Wurrung People of central Victoria.
Bunjil is the creator being who bestows Dja Dja Wurrung People with the laws and ceremonies that ensure the continuation of life. Dja Dja Wurrung People know Mindye the Giant Serpent as the keeper and enforcer of Bunjil’s law.
Dja Dja Wurrung Recognition Statement*, 15th November 2013
Wedge-tailed Eagle and Buloke, Joyce’s Creek, 29th March 2021
* The Recognition Statement signed at Yepenya on 15 November 2013, recognised the Dja Dja Wurrung as the Traditional Owners of Central Victoria.
It’s been a very good year for Olive-backed Orioles.
As expected for this time of year, small flocks of these beautiful songsters are descending on the local fig trees to feast on the ripening fruit before heading north again for winter. The number of juvenile birds indicate a successful breeding season.
I was interested to see some of the birds foraging in a small stand of Kangaroo Apple Solanum laciniatum, the ripe orange fruits perhaps serving as an entree to the meal of figs.
Juvenile Olive-backed Oriole with fig, Loddon River @ Newstead, 27th March 2021
Down the hatch!
Note the rufous edging on the wing coverts of the juvenile
Adult female in Kangaroo Apple